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The first recorded use of cannabis derived medicines can be traced back to 2733 BC when Chinese Emperor Sheng Nung applied the plan as tea to treat a variety of sicknesses such as malaria, gout, memory and rheumatism. CBD and mankind go a long way. Since 4000 years BCE, humans have been cultivating and using cannabis. In 1533, the investigations of the medical and health benefits started to be carried out by the scientists and physicians of the time.
It is widely believed by historians of the British Royal court that Queen Victoria used CBD to alleviate menstrual pain during her reign which lasted from 1837 till 1901. In the mid-1950’s, scientists gained proper ground in extraction of Cannabidiol from the cannabis sativa plant and after investigations found no correlation between CBD and psychoactive. This prompted extensive studies into the CBD and legal battles ensued regarding the sale and use – CBD Kaufen.
Cannabis and Indian hemp are sourced from the same plant, cannabis sativa. However, how you cultivate the plant and the intended usage determines whether the plant is the colloquial cannabis (pot) or industrial hemp used in the production of textiles, papers and ropes.
Early Chinese history records ranging from 4,000 – 5,000 years old till the times of Qin and Han dynasties (221 BC – 220 AD) showcase an appreciation of the hemp plant as a primary crop.
According to one of the earliest writers of Chinese agricultural almanacs Xia Xiao Zheng, hemp was one of the major crops sowed and cultivated in China. Early British history shows that from 1533 King Henry VIII decreed that for every 60 acres of land, each farmer must set aside a quarter acre for hemp cultivation. Failure to abide by this rule earned you a fine of three shillings and four pence.
Also in colonial America, it was tagged illegal for farmers not to grow hemp. One of the founding fathers Thomas Jefferson said that farmers should set aside one acre of their best plot of land for hemp cultivation. Colonialist rode to the shore of faraway and new lands America on ships that used hemp ropes and drafted the constitution on paper produced from hemp. Cannabis cultivation continued to grow globally, and both its industrial and psychoactive effects were observed and recorded.
In 1839 renowned Irish physicist and medical researcher, William B. O’Shaughnessy, published a paper detailing the therapeutic effects of the plant. This aroused the interest of other researchers and increased awareness about its medical benefits in our modern medicine. In his study, which proved to be controversial in those days, explored the use of cannabis as an anesthetic in medical applications. While the Irish researcher was oblivious of this then, he had opened the door to further research that would lead to the eventual discovery of the compounds we know today as cannabinoids. Nearly a century after William B. O’Shaughnessy published his research paper, modern day techniques and innovation has led to the discovery of different compounds within the cannabis plant.
The first discovery of an individual cannabinoid was made, when British chemist Robert S. Cahn reported the partial structure of Cannabinol (CBN), which he later identified as fully formed in 1940. Two years later, Roger Adams an American chemist also cemented his name in the history books after he successfully extracted and separated the first Cannabinoid, Cannabidiol (CBD). The work he was able to accomplish paved the way for the discovery of another compound within the cannabis plant, Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).